Cavity is considered as one of the most common problems among all detailed dental issues. Cavity has been the major topic of discussion in the field of detailed dental at present. From adults to children, all of us suffer from dental caries very frequently. As it is generally an asymptomatic disease, cavity is diagnosed at the advanced stage when the patient has already suffered a lot. So, being aware about cavities and its causes, symptoms and treatments are very important to keep your oral health safe and sound. In this blog, the following issues are discussed-
- What is cavity?
- Signs of Cavity.
- Types of Cavity.
- Detailed dental treatments for cavities.
- Daily dental care to avoid cavities.
What is cavity?
Cavity which is also popular as dental caries or tooth decay is basically a hole inside the teeth for bacterial infection or other causes. Generally it starts from a normal tooth decay which results in severe pain, inflammation and even tooth extraction. It increases when sugars get inside the decay through sweetened beverages and drinks. Because the bacteria residing normally in your mouth turns that sugar into acid which forms plaque and starts to erode your teeth enamel. Losing the enamel lair is the primary stage of your tooth decay and cavity.
Signs that you may have cavity
Cavity doesn’t reveal symptoms initially because most of us are reluctant to pay heed to our normal tooth pain or irritation. But if you have detailed dental knowledge about the subtle signs that your teeth give you an alarm for cavities, it may help you to avoid serious injury. The most common signs of cavities are:
- Having a bad breath
- Feeling a bad taste in the mouth
- Gum bleeding
- Mouth pain or toothache
- White or black staining on teeth
- Facial lump or swelling
- Tooth sensitivity while taking anything hot or cold
- Inflammation or redness around the mouth area
- Noticing a visible hole in your teeth
Types of cavity
There are different types of cavity as per the opinions of different dental specialists. Researching on detailed dental problems, the following classification can be mentioned
- Crown caries
- Fissure caries
- Root caries
- Interdental caries
Crown carries occur in the visible area above the gum in the teeth. It starts with decay of enamel lair and discoloration of tooth. Initially the tooth becomes yellow which gradually turns into the typical dark colour of caries. Fissure caries grow taking the advantage of small fissures present in your teeth. When there is already any fracture in your teeth or any fissure for the anatomical structure of your teeth, the bacteria works hard to enlarge the fissure and deteriorate your enamel. This mostly happens to the back teeth and molars. Root caries is another form of cavity which affects the root of teeth. Generally this portion of teeth lack the enamel layer and your gum acts as a shield here. If the gum desists, the root area becomes exposed and it gives opportunity to the bacteria to attack and cause tooth decay. Interdental caries is the worst form of cavity as it has a great risk of tooth extraction. It occurs when the bacteria attacks the gaps between the teeth. It’s a great shelter for bacteria because our food usually remains here and grows if we don’t clean it after eating.
Detailed dental treatments for cavity
The proper treatment of cavities depends on the severity of your cavity and other health issues that you may have. The best way to get proper treatment for your cavity is to consult an efficient dentist who has a detailed dental knowledge about various ways to treat your cavities perfectly. The treatments may be of various types-
- Fluoride treatment
- Root canal
- Tooth extraction
Fluoride treatment can be the best option for you if your cavity is diagnosed early. By using some medicated toothpaste and mouthwash, you increase your enamel cleveland prevent your decay. Filling is very beneficial when there is a visible hole in your teeth. Using silver amalgam, composite resin or gold, the dentists fill the hole after removing the decayed material.Root canal is a comparatively complex procedure and causes pain. If you suffer from root decay, the dentists generally go for root canals to remove the pulp and set the tooth.Tooth extraction is the last stage if the above mentioned ways fall in vain. In this case, the dentists pull the problematic tooth and implant artificial tooth if necessary.
Daily dental care to avoid cavity
It is said that prevention is better than cure. As cavities cause great harm to your oral health and daily life, it’s better to build a healthy habit of detailed dental care. You can follow some daily habits to keep your teeth safe as like-
- Brush your teeth daily with fluoride toothpaste and a comfortable toothbrush
- Avoid sugary and starchy beverages and drinks
- Take the fruits and vegetables that are useful for your teeth
- Have a regular dental check-up to your dentist
- Never ignore any silly irritation or pain in your teeth
You can also check out our previous detailed dental blog on oral hygiene.
Teeth are an inevitable part of the human body. Any petty problem may cause irreparable loss to your teeth. Cavity or tooth decay can be prevented by following some basic oral hygiene and having a healthy food habit. For this, all you need to have a proper concept about detailed dental care and follow it accordingly.